This is a rambling trip through some of the names and places associated with related early 20thC Town planning , significant persons of the time
who had artistic and political influence on the planners and architects , links to stories about pioneers and early businesses in Letchworth
Robert Owen (1771-1858), Industrialist, Social reformer & Socialist at
New Lanark , Scotland (1817)
Col Edward Ackroyd created early model villages to house his employees at Copley 1849-1853 and Ackroyden 1859
Sir Titus Salt (1803-1876) Businessman, public servant & philanthropist created Saltaire 1853-1863 in West Yorkshire,
a mid-Victorian industrial village built by Sir Titus Salt at the site of his Alpaca Wool
spinning and weaving mill.
W H Lever (1851-1925) with a social conscience coupled with an enthusiasm for architecture,art and town
planning - created his own vision in Port Sunlight 1890
George Cadbury (1839-1922) A Quaker, created a model village for his employees at Bourneville Village
find the story of cadbury/bourneville village
Bedford Park, London 1875 often referred to as the first garden suburb. A development intended for the middle classes
Joseph Rowntree (1836-1925) was a Quaker and a successful businessman. New Earswick 1902, begun by Raymond Unwin and
Barry Parker features many of the ideas that they were to develop in the later work at Letchworth and Hampstead Garden Suburb.
Look at their website jrht.org.uk to see how involved they still are in trying to improve standards and address the issues of poverty.
Letchworth Garden City (This Site)
See the Tour for examples of Architecture and information
Ebenezer Howard see this site
Raymond Unwin 1863-1940 see this site
Barry Parker 1867-1947 see this site
C M Crickmer 1879-1971
Cecil Hignett 1879-1960
Robert Bennett 1878-1956
Wilson Bidwell 1877-1954
Geoffry Lucas 1872-1947
Many of this group were involved in the house competion at Gidea Park (now part of Havering)
Brentham Garden Suburb initialy Ealing Tenants Ltd 1901-1906 then Raymond Unwin took over as architect
A few other relevant/related Architects of the era
Richard Norman Shaw
W R Lethaby
Mackay Hugh Baillie Scott
Some influential characters / organisations with Social and Political views relevant to planning and design
John Ruskin (1819-1900)
A Prolific writer on art and architecture who became interested in the state of humanity and social reform at about the age of 40.
In one of his writings "Sesame & Lillies" described his sociological ideas which in places anticipate the ideals of the garden city movement.
Ebenezer Howard quoted from this work at the beginning of chapter one of his work
Garden Cities of Tomorrow
There is a lot of reference material relating to Ruskin here
The Pre-Raphaelites Movement was formed in 1848 by Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Holman Hunt and Millais.
They were a group of artists and poets who broke away from the conventional attitude toward most of the art of the day.
Seeking inspiration in a simpler more realistic approach to both art and literature.
They were much praised by Ruskin, Burne-Jones and Morris who joined the Pre-Raphaelites. Morris tried his hand at poetry, architecture and painting.
In 1859 he married Jane Burden
(who had modelled for him) and decided to build his own home
The Red House
Setting up his home, a true lover of beauty, he wanted to furnish it in his taste, not the clumsy overdecorated style that was the fashion,
so he started to design his own.
Morris, Burne-Jones and Rossetti founded an establishment for making artistic household furniture, curtains, rugs , tapestries, wall-papers and stained glass.
More links relating to his business and his role as Father figure of the Arts and Crafts Movement
Morris with the eye of an artist and the skill of a master artisan threw himself into this venture, and through his efforts managed to
stimulate a national interest in, and love of beautiful design and proper manufacture in every-day things. A revolution which displaced
the mid Victorian style of furniture and decoration. There by earning the reputation of being the father of the Arts and Crafts Movements.
Later became more concerned about the state of society and he became an active socialist.
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as accurate as the various sources I have used. Please verify independently if it's important for your work
. I have no connection to any official organisation or authority